Warehouse management
    Publish time 2019-10-09 09:37    
Warehouse management

Warehouse management is also called warehousing management. English Warehouse Management, referred to as WM, refers to the effective control of the activities of sending, receiving, and storing warehousing goods. The purpose is to ensure that the warehousing goods are intact and ensure the normal operation of production and operation activities. On this basis, the activity status of various types of goods is classified and recorded, and the status of the quantity and quality of the warehoused goods, as well as the geographical location, department, order attribution and warehouse dispersion degree, are comprehensively represented in a clear chart. Form of management.
1. Warehousing is a logistics activity
Warehousing is first and foremost a logistics activity, or logistics activities are the essential attributes of warehousing. Warehousing is not a production, not a transaction, but one of the logistics activities that serve production and trading. It should be linked and coordinated with other logistics activities. This is a major difference from the past "warehouse management."
2. Basic functions of warehousing
The basic functions of warehousing include the entry and exit of goods, inventory, and distribution. They are also the basic functions of traditional warehousing. The combination of items in and out of the warehouse and the management of the warehouse constitute the basic functions of modern warehousing.
3. Purpose of warehousing
Warehousing conditions are specific tangible or intangible places with modern technology. Saying "specific" is because the supply chain of each enterprise is specific, and the storage place is of course also specific; the tangible place is of course the warehouse, the freight yard or the storage tank. In the modern economic background, the storage can also be in the virtual space. Carrying out, it also requires the support of many modern technologies, leaving modern storage facilities and information technology, there is no modern warehousing.
4. Methods and levels of warehousing
The method of warehousing and the current effective planning, execution and control of the horizontal body. Planning, execution and control are the basic connotations of modern management. Scientific, reasonable and detailed warehousing are of course inseparable from effective planning, execution and control.
Warehousing management notes:
1. Inventory goods should be positioned and managed, and their meanings are similar to the design of commodity allocation charts. The principles of different product classification and division management will be stored and placed on the shelves. The warehouse must be divided into at least three areas: first, a large number of storage areas, that is, stored in a full container or pallet; second, a small storage area, where the zero-demolition items are placed on the display rack; third, the return area, Place the items that are about to be returned on a dedicated shelf.
2. After the location is determined, a configuration map should be made and posted at the entrance of the warehouse for easy access. The small storage area should be as fixed as possible, and the whole storage area can be used flexibly. If the storage space is too small or is a frozen (storage) library, it can be used flexibly without fixing the position.
3. Stored goods should not be in direct contact with the ground. One is to avoid moisture; the second is due to the provisions of the fresh-keeping instruments; the third is to stack them neatly.
4, pay attention to the temperature and humidity of the storage area, keep well ventilated, dry, not wet.
5, the library should be equipped with waterproof, fire, anti-theft and other facilities to ensure the safety of goods.
6, the inventory of goods should be set up inventory cards, the entry and exit of goods should pay attention to the principle of first-in-first-out. Color management methods, such as weekly or monthly labels of different colors, can also be used to clearly identify the date of purchase.
7. The warehouse management personnel should communicate with the ordering personnel in time to facilitate the storage of the goods. In addition, early warning notices of insufficient stocks should be made in due course to prevent out of stock.
8. Storage and pick-up of warehouses should be carried out on demand and on demand, but in consideration of efficiency and safety, it is necessary to formulate operating hours.
9. The goods must be registered in order to clear the responsibility of the goods. However, some commodities (such as frozen and refrigerated goods) are time-sensitive, and they also adopt the practice of combining store inventory with warehouse inventory.
10, the warehouse should pay attention to access control management, not allowed to enter.

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